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A Guide to Central Heating Systems In buildings and homes the most common standard heating systems in the central heating systems. You can find central heating systems especially used in places with cooler climates. There is a central location where the heating system which includes a heating unit such as a heat pump, furnace, boiler is positioned. There are many types of fuel that can be used for the heating unit such as oil, coal, electricity, natural gas, and others. When the central unit heats air, steam or water, it is dispersed throughout the whole building. Units in the outlying spaces such as ductwork, piping, or radiators may be part of the system. In large buildings, they have a furnace room, boiler room, or mechanical room where the furnace or boiler is placed in these central locations. A furnace room can be put in a private home which is a basement unit or a closet. Heat pumps can be installed within the building or outside the building. Sometimes if a building has a flat roof a heat pump is installed there.
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If you have a furnace or boiler, then piping or ductwork is carried to all parts of the building. The way by which heated air are carried to the rooms by a system that are forced air units is through ductwork. With a fan or blower, the air is circulated through the ducts into the rooms. If you want to control the heat you can do so using a thermostat that is set within a room or area. Filters and air cleaners attached to the system will prevent blowing or forcing dust particles or mold into the rooms.
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When hot water is used in the system to transfer heat, water is first heated and sent through the piping to the rooms where there are radiators. The radiators heat by convection rather than radiant heat. Radiators are placed on walls or they may be placed within the floor to heat the floor surface. The ductwork can also be used to distribute cold air from air conditioning during hot weather. A pump is necessary for heat circulated by means of fluid so that there will be equal distribution of heat throughout the structure. Hot water heat systems also combine with hot water for the household. With special secondary heat exchangers within the storage containers, it will provide hot water to the household for bathing and dishes. If you want optimum efficiency of the heating system, the placement of the radiator or vents is important. Near windows or in the coldest parts of the room are the best places to put radiators. A radiator near the window will minimize condensation. The proper air flow is set up by heat near the window to make best use of the heating element. Contrary to popular belief, directing heat away from windows defeats the positive air currents that are required for best efficiency.